On December 31st, 2019, the first case of a coronavirus was identified in Hubei Province, China. It originated from the meat market in Wuhan city of China. Since then, the disease, now formally known as COVID-19, has spread to numerous countries and claimed the lives of over 371k people. The following article will let you know about coronavirus symptoms and risks and ways to protect yourself.
Coronaviruses belong to a large family of viruses that cause illness varying from the common cold to more severe illnesses like (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV). Other coronaviruses circulate amongst animals, including bats, camels, and cats. Occasionally, animal coronaviruses might acquire mutations that allow them to infect people and then spread among people. In the year 2002-2003, an outbreak of SARS originating in southern China and it caused around 8k cases across 36 countries, resulting in 700 deaths. Consequently, in the light of the recent outbreak, there is an apparent fear of another such epidemic.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people might start to feel symptoms within 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. Symptoms might include:
Minor common symptoms might include nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting. Yet, no vaccine is currently available for COVID-19. Though, scientists have now replicated the virus. This could concede for early detection and treatment in people who have the virus but do not feel symptoms. They are also known as asymptomatic patients.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the following groups have a much higher risk of contracting a severe illness from COVID-19:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that although there have been reports of difficulties in young children, these are quite rare. So far, it has been researched that COVID-19 most commonly produces light symptoms in children.
A COVID-19 Clinical Trial Tracker open-access globally has been launched to facilitate further greater collaboration between significant stakeholders involved in handling the COVID-19 outbreak.
COVID-19 is a viral infection, indicating antibiotics are not a feasible treatment option. As of now, there are currently no anti-viral treatments available. Most of the patients will quickly make a complete recovery without going through any treatment. Those who hold severe infections will be given proper support, such as artificial ventilation or oxygen to keep them alive until they begin to recover fully.
You can reduce your chances of getting infected or spreading COVID-19 by going through some simple precautions directed by the World Health Organization (WHO):
Regularly and completely clean your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub. By washing your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds will kills viruses that might be on your hands.
Date : 03 Jun 2020
Author : Syed Asad